Apart from the legalists, Confucianism, mohism, Taoism and agriculture in the pre-Qin period were all revivists


During the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), there was a man named Xu Xing, who must have been a descendant of the state of Xu. Xu was annexed by the State of Chu and his office was moved south. Therefore, xu Xing was from Chu.Xu Xing was a man who believed in fairness and justice. He was opposed to imposing power and getting something for nothing. He believed that all people, including the monarch, should directly participate in labor production and live on their own, just like Shennong in ancient times.May be in chu no market, hence Xu Xing came to tengzhou, vines are ji fiefdoms, ji gens seems to have inherited the king of the gene, keen on reform and innovation, outstanding duke of zhou, guanzhong, wuqi, shang Yang and han fei teng, is also a good such as the monarch, to try to teng Xu Xing to a field, together with his students,Later known as the farmhouse.Later, when Mencius went to the State of Teng, he met Chen Xiang, xu Xing’s disciple. Mencius disagreed with Xu Xing’s view that division of labor was necessary, and thus came the famous saying, “He who labours will govern others, and he who labours will govern others.”From the point of view of morality, Xu Xing’s personal conduct is undoubtedly noble, but from the point of view of social development, mencius’s view is obviously superior.Compared with the peasant family, Confucianism is obviously progressive, but such progress is obviously not enough, so Confucianism still belongs to the retro trend of thought. They recall the Western Zhou Dynasty, or they advocate to follow the footsteps of the Duke of Zhou back to the era of the King of Zhou and restore the order of rites and music.However, Confucianism not only praised the Duke of Zhou, but also reconstructed yao and Shun in ancient times, which was actually the keynote set by Confucius and carried forward by The later Mencius. Therefore, Confucianism talked about both The Duke of Zhou and Yao and Shun.Duke of zhou culture but is based on the music culture, and yao, shun culture but is based on righteousness, to speak, music is the core of wen-hua zhou, benevolence is the core of the business culture, as a life in the song kingdom seed lu, Confucius is essentially a blend of business culture and wen-hua zhou, righteousness and reed, this is the Confucian culture is the most valuable and attractive place.Different from Confucianism, Mohism inherited the pure Shang culture in essence. Therefore, mohism also talked about Yao and Shun, but did not praise the Duke of Zhou, and even opposed the Duke of Zhou to some extent. It was based on this point that Confucianism and Mohism formed opposition.King Cheng of Zhou ruled the world, not like King Wu;King Wu’s governance of the world is not like a soup;The governance of the world into a soup is not like Yao and Shun.So its joy more than numerous, its treatment more than few.From this point of view, music is not so the world also.If Confucianism is retro, then Mohism is even more retro. What Confucianism pursues is the era of King Cheng of Zhou, that is, the political opinions of Duke Dan of Zhou, while what Mohism pursues is Yao and Shun, even yu and Tang. King Wen and King Wu are the bottom line.In contrast to the opposition between Confucianism and Mohism, Taoism despised both of them, because it did not look at Yao and Shun at all, but traced back to Yan and Huang, and even earlier to the primitive clan society of “neighboring countries facing each other, the sound of chickens and dogs hearing each other, and the people never contacted each other until death”.That is to say, Taoism is an extreme retro ideology, which can be matched only by xu Xing, the peasant school mentioned above.Taoism is against force, that is, “the weak is better than the strong”, so this kind of opposition is naturally based on force, that is to say, Taoism is actually based on the yellow Emperor and reflects on the yellow Emperor’s force, so as to yearn for the small state and few people before the yellow Emperor era.The inheritance of the Yellow Emperor culture may be related to the Chen and Chu states, while the nongjia went beyond the Yellow Emperor and directed at Shennong in pursuit of independent living without discrimination. This kind of Shennong thought is probably related to the State of Xu, which is located in xuchang, Henan Province today. It is likely that it was an important settlement of the Shennong family 5,000 years ago.Compared with agriculture, Taoism, Confucianism and Mohism, the legalists advocated reform, that is, to adapt to the development of The Times by changing the unreasonable system. If Confucianism learned the shape of The Duke of Zhou, then the legalists learned the god of the Duke of Zhou.A theory or idea implementation needs to have a suitable soil, legalism was found to adapt to it in the soil, after “displaced”, ultimately falls on the state of qin, and Taoism to wait until after the western han dynasty set up to have a place, is a hypercorrection of legalism, and Confucianism have to wait longer, until after the emperor came to power to a shot,However, Taoism and Confucianism in The Han Dynasty are different from those in the pre-Qin Dynasty. They are inherited and developed, and selectively inherited, which is actually the flexibility of legalism, “Confucianism outside and Confucianism inside” throughout ancient China.The integration of Confucianism, Mohism, Taoism, law and agriculture formed the core of Chinese culture since the Han Dynasty.

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