Is it necessary for older people to be vaccinated against COVID-19?The CDC responded

On April 5, the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention released a q&A on COVID-19 vaccination among the elderly.In view of the relatively low rate of novel coronavirus vaccine vaccination among elderly people in some areas of China, experts from the China CDC suggest that elderly people who have not been vaccinated or who have not received the “booster shot” should be actively vaccinated as soon as possible if there is no absolute contraindication of vaccine.Some older people believe that staying at home or living in remote areas for a long time, and rarely going out or traveling, is a low risk of infection, so they do not need to be vaccinated.Experts from the China Center for Disease Control and Prevention say that is not true.At present, the mutated virus imported into some regions is highly contagious, and some cases have atypical clinical manifestations or even asymptomatic infections. The elderly may still be infected with the virus even if they do not go out at home or live in remote rural areas.Especially if someone else in the family works or studies outside the home, it is possible to bring the virus home and infect the elderly.Therefore, the elderly should also do as soon as possible to “receive”, both to protect themselves and others.Is it necessary for the elderly to receive booster shots?According to experts from the China CDC, the risk of severe illness and death from novel coronavirus infection in older persons can be reduced by more than 90% after booster vaccination.Booster shots are necessary for the elderly.According to the research results on the safety, immunogenicity, effectiveness and persistence of vaccines, one dose of immunization is recommended for people over 18 years old six months after the completion of basic immunization with inactivated vaccine and adenovirus vector vaccine, and has been implemented nationwide.Because the immune function of the elderly is relatively weak.After finish above age 60 based immune vaccine antibody levels and the protection effect than 18 and 59 people is relatively low, once infected, the proportion of intensive and critical care is also high, so suggest the elderly based vaccination is not only to finish the whole course as soon as possible, for the use of inactivated vaccine and adenovirus vector vaccine immunization of 6 months after complete basis,Intensive immunization with a view to achieving better protection.Which older people can’t get the vaccine or can’t get it right away?What does inoculation of old people need to notice again?Novel Coronavirus vaccine can be administered to persons over 60 years of age who are not contraindicated and who are not subject to delayed vaccination.Those who cannot be vaccinated or cannot be vaccinated immediately are :(1) those who are allergic to the active ingredient of the novel coronavirus vaccine, to any inactive ingredient, to substances used in the manufacturing process, or who have developed allergies from previous doses of the same type of vaccine;(2) Those who have experienced severe allergic reactions to vaccines in the past (such as acute allergic reactions, angoneeurotic edema, dyspnea, etc.);(3) patients with uncontrolled epilepsy and other serious neurological diseases (such as transverse myelitis and demyelinating diseases);(4) A person who is febrile, or suffering from an acute illness, or an acute episode of a chronic disease, or a serious chronic disease that is not under control.Special attention should be paid to the fact that the elderly should be vaccinated against COVID-19 when the disease is stable, and if they are not sure, they should consult a doctor;If the underlying disease is in an unstable state, vaccination should be postponed until the state is stable.Some chronic underlying diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension, may occur frequently in some people, but they can be vaccinated as long as their physical state is not particularly unstable.Because people with these underlying diseases are often people who are vulnerable to severe COVID-19 once infected.Many older people still have concerns about vaccination, fearing that they will be more vulnerable to adverse reactions as they get older and weaker.Experts from the Chinese CENTER for Disease Control and Prevention believe that the elderly, especially those with underlying diseases, need to actively seek vaccine protection.In China will be ongoing coronavirus vaccine inoculation against suspected abnormal reaction monitoring work, elderly people aged 60 and above will be coronavirus vaccine adverse reactions to the overall report incidence is slightly lower than people under age 60 levels, great majority is generally reaction, a few people belong to the abnormal reaction, individual by the kind of person happened serious abnormal reactions such as anaphylactic shock,However, the reported incidence of severe abnormal reactions is less than 1 in 1 million, suggesting that the risk associated with vaccination is very low.How to protect those who are not vaccinated for fear of side effects, and those who are physically unable to be vaccinated, especially those who are older and have underlying diseases?Non-vaccine protection measures include the following aspects: First, try not to go to crowded places and closed Spaces, and reduce close contact with strangers or outsiders.Second, wear masks when contacting strangers or taking public transportation in indoor public places.Third, we should continue to maintain hand hygiene, including frequent hand washing and hand disinfection, and try not to touch the eyes, nose, mouth and other parts of the body.Fourth, ventilation keeps indoor air fresh.Fifth, family members or staff in contact with the elderly should also be vaccinated, especially for personal protection.If your health code is abnormal, try to avoid contact with older people.Source: Xinhua

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